Dr. Stasun uses conventional orthodontic appliances (bands and brackets manufactured with precision tip and torque to his prescription for precise tooth movement) as well as lip bumpers, palatal expanders and various functional appliances that allow the patientís own musculature to direct growth direction and tooth movement. Space-age Nickel-Titanium arch wires are used to apply a low continuous gentle force if teeth are badly rotated or out of position.